eBook PDF / e-Pub New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa

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Title:New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa
Format Type:Ebook
Author:Calestous Juma
Publisher:Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:0199783195
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:296
Category:Africa, Non fiction, Food, Science, International development, Read for school

New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa by Calestous Juma

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa African agriculture is currently at a crossroads at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change But as this book argues Africa faces three major opportunities that can transform its agriculture into a force for economic growth advances in science and technology the creation of regional markets and the emergence of a new crop of entrepreneurial leaders dedicated to the continent s economic improvement Filled with case studies from within Africa and success stories from developing nations around the world The New Harvest outlines the policies and institutional changes necessary to promote agricultural innovation across the African continent Incorporating research from academia government civil society and private industry the book suggests multiple ways that individual African countries can work together at the regional level to develop local knowledge and resources harness technological innovation encourage entrepreneurship increase agricultural output create markets and improve infrastructure

New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa

African agriculture is currently at a crossroads at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change But as this book argues Africa faces three major opportunities that can transform its agriculture into a force for economic growth advances in science and technology the creation of regional markets and the emergence of a new crop of entrepreneurial leaders dedicated to the continent s economic improvement br Filled with case studies from within Africa and success stories from developing nations around the world The New Harvest outlines the policies and institutional changes necessary to promote agricultural innovation across the African continent Incorporating research from academia government civil society and private industry the book suggests multiple ways that individual African countries can work together at the regional level to develop local knowledge and resources harness technological innovation encourage entrepreneurship increase agricultural output create markets and improve infrastructure


Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear leading to public controversy This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values human health and environmental safety But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper but unacknowledged socioeconomic considerations Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that the benefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed Similarly innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern As such societies that exhibit great economic and political inequities are likely to experience heightened technological controversies br br Drawing from nearly years of technology history em Innovation and Its Enemies em identifies the tension between the need for innovation and the pressure to maintain continuity social order and stability as one of today s biggest policy challenges It reveals the extent to which modern technological controversies grow out of distrust in public and private institutions Using detailed case studies of coffee the printing press margarine farm mechanization electricity mechanical refrigeration recorded music transgenic crops and transgenic animals it shows how new technologies emerge take root and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace The book uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence online learning D printing gene editing robotics drones and renewable energy It ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists engineers and entrepreneurs to manage technological change make associated institutional adjustments and expand public engagement on scientific and technological matters br


In Land We Trust: Environment, Private Property and Constitutional Change

Land tenure is a sensitive issue in Africa and a central theme in the demand for political and economic reform in the region While traditional development strategies aim for maximum economic growth new approaches emphasize conservation The governing of land use is also central to the overall scheme of national governance the constitution conservation of natural resources using the case of Kenya It proposes specific measures for achieving a balance between private ownership and public interest and between conservation and economic growth


The Gene Hunters: Biotechnology And The Scramble For Seeds

br The world is on the verge of receiving new life forms that will profoundly and irrevocably change the global economy the gene hunters who first cloned the gene in are now not only modifying existing species but also creating new plants and animals Ready or not for such awesome power the human race has put itself in a position to govern evolution What will we do with the abilities we now command asks this broad and stimulating book on the role of plant material in economic development Writing in a style that is easily understandable even to those with no background in biotechnology Calestous Juma begins by showing how the importation of plants strengthened the British Empire and brought the United States to global agricultural superiority He goes on to explore the current international competition for genetic material and the potential impact of biotechnology on the relationship of the developed and developing world Juma points out that biotechnology poses real dangers to the third world Often one of the few exportable resources that a developing country possesses is an unusual or rare crop but biotechnological techniques make possible the cultivation of many such crops outside their natural habitats potentially eliminating the need to import the crops from the countries in which they grow indigenously After discussing the threat of biotechnology Juma comes full circle and points out that it does not have to be a threat Actually tremendous benefits could accrue to the third world from biotechnology if and only if that new technology is adapted to its needs br Originally published in br The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print on demand technology to again make available previously out of print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in br


Innovation: Applying Knowledge in Development. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals

The use of new sciences and technologies in developing countries is vital in alleviating poverty and human suffering for the long term Innovation makes a powerful case for development policies to focus on key sources of economic growth particularly the use of scientific and technological knowledge and related institutional adjustments It outlines core areas for policy action including a focus on platform or generic technologies defining infrastructure services as foundations for technology placing universities at the centre of local development and improving science education spurring entrepreneurial activities improving the policy environment and focusing on areas of under funded research for development


Going for Growth

No description available


Coming To Life: Biotechnology In African Economic Recovery

This book addresses the vital role of new technology in African economic development focusing on the specific sector of biotechnology The authors argue that progress is thwarted by lack of policy in this field and they explore the urgent need for African governments to pay much more attention to developing technology supporting institutions and training They examine the particular issues thrown up by biotechnology research in Africa including intellectual property rights access to genetic resources implications for biodiversity biosafety and trade The book s overall analysis is illustrated by national biotechnology assessments for Cameroon Ethiopia Kenya Tanzania and Uganda br


Biological Diversity and Innovation: Conserving and Utilizing Genetic Resources in Kenya

No description available


Biodiplomacy: Genetic Resources and International Relations

No description available


Long-Run Economics: An Evolutionary Approach to Economic Growth

The aim of this book is to develop a more realistic conceptual framework for the analysis of technological and economic change than is provided by conventional economies


Coming To Life: Biotechnology In African Economic Recovery, Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies, In Land We Trust: Environment, Private Property and Constitutional Change, New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa, The Gene Hunters: Biotechnology And The Scramble For Seeds, Innovation: Applying Knowledge in Development. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals, Going for Growth, Long-Run Economics: An Evolutionary Approach to Economic Growth, Biodiplomacy: Genetic Resources and International Relations, Biological Diversity and Innovation: Conserving and Utilizing Genetic Resources in Kenya